A Glossary of Descriptive Psychology Concepts

What's this all about?


navigation bar
  1. Whatever rules out the possibility that the occurrence of a given behavior is simply a matter of luck, chance, accident, or coincidence.
  2. The extent to which success can be attributed straightforwardly to the person rather than to favorable or accidental circumstances (but still short of complete chance or accident).
  3. Any point on the "non-accidental" dimension.
  4. The degree to which success is purely and simply attributed to the individual rather than to the circumstances.

Knowledge can be acquired by observation and thought, while competence requires in addition practice and experience.

Consider glass blowing. One can acquire what there is to know about glass blowing by reading books and visiting exhibits. But to acquire competence at glass blowing, an apprenticeship in a community of glass blowers is needed.